Situated on the banks of the River Ravi, Lahore, Pakistan’s second largest city is the historical, cultural and educational capital of the country. The city has been the cultural capital of the Punjab province for centuries and has seen the comings and goings of many kings, emperors and rulers from different cultures and backgrounds. Lahore has absorbed these diverse influences achieving a unique sense of history.
The city is famous for its historical landmarks. The Lahore Fort, Badshahi Mosque and Gurdwara are a testament to the Mughal and Sikh legacy of the city. The Mall Road is famed for its colonial buildings from the British Raj, while the more modern areas of Gulberg and Defence feature shopping malls, cinemas, restaurants and more. Other places of interest are the mausoleum of Emperor Jehangir, Pearl and Golden mosques, the tomb of Ranjit Singh and the Wazir Khan mosque. Lahore’s museum, which features in Rudyard Kipling’s Kim, is among the most noted in the East. The old walled city, with its narrow cobble-stoned streets and old houses, is a museum in itself.
With a historical legacy of more than a thousand years, the city has produced countless scholars, poets, writers, intellectuals and scientists. Lahore is thus the centre of higher education in Pakistan. Medical schools, universities, professional colleges, art schools can be found dotting the city landscape.